Diseases of the auditory system in veterinary medicine as in humans are widespread and can, if underestimated, lead to serious problems. A simple external otitis can, for example, penetrate through the tympanic membrane and attack the middle ear, complicating the patient’s clinical picture and prognosis.
The technologies available to the clinic offer limited support to the veterinarian, often limited only to an otoscopic examination, an examination whose variability and subjectivity can introduce in many cases errors of assessment that affect the quality of the diagnosis.
However, other more precise instrumental tests for the diagnosis of ear diseases, such as CT or MRI, find a strong limitation in the invasiveness and cost of the procedure.
- Up to 85% of chronic otitis cases can develop otitis media (OM)
- The functionality of the tympanic membrane and middle ear can be evaluated
- Potential complications of OM are otitis interna, vestibular syndrome and facial paralysis
- In 72% of cases appropriate visualisation of the tympanic membrane may not be possible without sedation/anesthesia